Myelosuppression is a decrease in the ability of the bone marrow to produce blood cells. It occurs most commmonly with cancer as a side effect of chemotherapy.
Myelosuppression can result in decreased production of:
- Red blood cells (RBCs) - causing anemia
- White blood cells (WBCs) - causing leukopenia or neutropenia
- Platelets - causing thrombocytopenia