Lung cancer statistics are alarming, especially when viewed in relation to the amount of funding dedicated to lung cancer relative to other cancers. Lung cancer is currently responsible for 29% of cancer deaths in the United States, responsible for more deaths than breast cancer, colon cancer, and prostate cancer combined. Even though more women are diagnosed with breast cancer, and more men with prostate cancer, lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer deaths for both men and women.
Lung Cancer IncidenceIn 2007, the most recent year where statistics on lung cancer are available:
- 109,643 men were diagnosed with lung cancer, and 88,329 died
- 93,893 women diagnosed with lung cancer, and 70,354 died
Number of Survivors in the U.S.Roughly 400,000 lung cancer survivors are living in the United States. Sadly, due to the lower survival rate of lung cancer vs. breast and prostate cancers, there are fewer lung cancer survivors than breast and prostate cancer survivors. And this has been cited as one cause for a relative lack of funding and awareness of lung cancer.
Age of DiagnosisThe average age at which lung cancer is diagnosed is 71, with less than 3% of lung cancers diagnosed under the age of 45. That said, lung cancer does occur in young adults and even children.
Lifetime Risk of Lung CancerThe overall risk of developing lung cancer during your lifetime is 1 in 13 for men, and 1 in 16 for women.
Cost of Lung CancerIn 2004, 9.6 billion per year was spent on the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer in the United States.
Survival RateThe overall 5-year survival rate for all stages of lung cancer is:
- 13.7% for white men
- 18.3% for white women
- 10.8% for black men
- 14.5% for black women
Survival rate for lung cancer is better the earlier it is diagnosed. The 5-year survival rate for stage 1 non-small cell lung cancer is 60% to 80%, whereas the 5-year survival rate for stage 4 (metastatic) non-small cell lung cancer is less than 10%.
Stage at DiagnosisOver half of lung cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage:
- 16% are diagnosed at the earliest stage
- 25% are diagnosed after they have spread beyond the primary site to lymph nodes
- 51% are diagnosed after they have spread (metastasized) to distant regions of the body
Change Over Time
- Change in Incidence (United States):
- For men, new cases of lung cancer decreased 1.8% per year from 1991 to 2005
- For women, lung cancer incidence increased 0.5% per year from 1991 to 2005 (California is the only state where lung cancer is decreasing in women)
- Change in Survival:
- For men, lung cancer deaths decreased 1.3% per year from 1993 to 2005
- For women, there was no change in the death rate from lung cancer from 2003 to 2005
Statistics on Smoking and Lung CancerSmoking is considered the cause of lung cancer in 90% on men, and 80% of women diagnosed with the disease. Men who smoke are 23 times more likely to develop lung cancer than men who do not smoke, and female smokers are 13 times more likely to develop the disease. Even though smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, the majority of people currently diagnosed with lung cancer do not smoke; 50% of these cancers occur in former smokers, and 15% in those who have never smoked at all.
American Cancer Society. Detailed Guide: Lung Cancer (Non-Small Cell). What Are the Key Statistics About Lung Cancer? Updated 02/17/12. http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/LungCancer-Non-SmallCell/DetailedGuide/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-key-statistics
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Lung Cancer. Statistics. Updated 01/07/09. http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/lung/statistics/
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. National Program of Cancer Registries. United States Cancer Statistics. 1999-2007 Cancer Incidence and Mortality Data. Accessed 03/26/12. http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/uscs/
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Smoking and Tobacco Use. 2004 Surgeon Generals Report – The Health Consequences of Smoking. Smoking Among Adults in the United States: Cancer. Highlights. Accessed 03/01/10. http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2004/highlights/conclusions/index.htm
Jemal, A. et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2005, featuring trends in lung cancer, tobacco use, and tobacco control. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2008. 100(23):1672-94.
National Cancer Institute. Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results. SEER Stat Fact Sheets. Cancer: Lung and Bronchus. Updated 11/10/11. http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/lungb.html
Tong, L. et al. Lung carcinoma in former smokers. Cancer. 1996. 78(5):1004010.